Choosing the correct cleanser is the first step in a daily skin care regimen. Cleanse, twice a day, to remove oil, dirt, pollution accumulation and makeup. Use a gentle cleanser in the morning if you have sensitive skin. Opt for a stronger cleanser in the evening to deeply clean and remove dirt, oil, makeup and pollution if you have mild or active acne.
TONERS AND ASTRINGENTS
Many people overlook and undervalue the benefits of a toner. Toners are applied with a cotton pad or disk and are used to remove traces of dirt, oil or makeup, which may be left behind by a cleanser.
Astringents remove excess oil without stripping the skin of its natural oils. Many astringents are acid (glycolic, salicylic acids) or alcohol based and they help with exfoliation.
Exfoliation is the process of removing dead skin cells from the surface of the skin to instantly brighten the skin. Increasingly popular are powered cleansing brushes, which can gently exfoliate and remove dead skin cells and debris.
Mechanical exfoliation is one method where micro-beads, salt or sugar or even microdermabrasion are used to slough away dead skin cells from the surface.
Chemical exfoliation is the second method of exfoliation where an acid is used to remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. Alpha Hydroxyl Acid (AHA) is a potent chemical exfoliant which dissolves the protein bonds that bind dead skin cells together.
Steer clear of harsh abrasives which may damage the skin. Be extra gentle on your skin while exfoliating as to not cause small injuries or tearing in the skin.
The skin is the largest organ of the body and it needs moisture. A quality moisturizer will help to reinforce the skin’s barrier function. Many formulations are available but for acne prone skin use oil-free and non-comedogenic formulations.
Niacinamide (Nicotinamide, also known as Vitamin B3) is a potent ingredient in some moisturizers which helps calm irritation and inflammation of the skin. For acne prone skin, niacinamide helps to improve the appearance of enlarge pores and dull skin.
Serums come in either water or oil-based formulations. Serums are used after cleansing and toning but prior to using a moisturizer. They are used to plum, soothe and protect the skin. Serums may be made of smaller molecules or particles allowing for excellent absorption of key active ingredients. Opt for serums that are specifically designed for acne prone skin. Stick with non-comedogenic, non-irritating, fragrance-free and safe for all skin types formulations. Serums are often used in conjunction with moisturizers in an effort to boost the hydrating effects of the moisturizer.
A variety of masks are available on the market. Sheet masks are increasingly popular. The use of sulfur masks is highly effective in the treatment of problem skin. Masks are highly recommended once or twice per week, to enhance the skin treatment protocol. Prior to applying a mask, the skin should be clean and exfoliated.